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1:2.5 VOLTAGE BALUN

1:2.5 voltage balun using a FT140-43 Ferrite Toroid Core for 0.5MHz to 30MHz. Completed March 2022


Lucas KN4MEJ asked if I would have a look at a 1:2.5 balun and this is what I have come up with.

The balun is to feed a balanced antenna from an un-balanced line with a impedance step up from 50ohms to 125ohms, a 1:2.5 Voltage balun design using a FT140-43 ferrite toroid cores. It would be advised to have a 1:1 choking balun inline on the 50Ohm side to mitigate the possibility of common mode currents similar to  https://vk6ysf.com/balun_choke_balun_hf_reisert.htm

 

 

Construction

 

The 1:2.5 voltage balun has 4 and 6 turns wound evenly around the FT140-43 ferrite toroid core with the five individual windings wound close together. 

  

Figure 1 Schematic of the 1:2.5 Voltage balun  

 

Figure 2  Wiring of the 1:2.5 Voltage balun.

 

 

 

Type 

Voltage Balun

Ratio

1:2.5

Frequency Range

0.5 ~ 30MHz

Core Used

FT140-43 Ferrite Toroid Core

Number of turns

4 x 2 and 6 X 2

SWR

Low 1:1.2 (1.8MHz) High 1:2.5 (30.0MHz) 

PEP Power Handling.

Approximately 100W

 

  

Photo 1 1:2.5 Voltage balun assembled

    

The evaluation of the efficiency of the balun over the desired bandwidth (0.5 - 30MHz) was carried out by testing the impedance that could be seen from unbalanced side to a resistive load applied to the balanced side using an AIM 4170C antenna analyser. The below antenna analyser plot views a 125ohm resistive load attached to the balanced side of the balun and measured at a nominal impedance of 50ohms presented as anticipated an approximate 50ohm load to the analyser and produced about a 1:1 SWR

The performance of the balun from 0.5MHz to about 30MHz is good and shows little reactance, however there is a gradual rise in reactance above 30MHz along with a gradual rise in the SWR.

 

 

Figure 3  SWR data from the AIM 4170C antenna analyser plot viewing a 125ohm resistive load through the voltage balun. Note the 125ohm resistor appears as 50ohms due to the 2.5:1 balun ratio resulting in an ideal SWR of 1:1. 

 

 

Figure 4  Impedance data from the AIM 4170C antenna analyser plot viewing a 125ohm resistive load through the voltage balun. Note the Rs = Resistance, Xs = Reactance, Zmag =  Impedance

 

Also see other baluns and ununs:

 

BALUN 1:1 CHOKE & 1:4 BALUN  HF ladder feed-line to coaxial cable combination choke and 1:4 balun. (0.1MHz - 30MHz). 

BALUN 1:1 CHOKING Choking balun for lower HF and MF bands. (200kHz - 10MHz).

CHOKING 1:1 BALUN - HF BANDS Reisert choking balun. (1.0MHz - 30MHz). FT240-43 Ferrite Toroid Core.

CHOKING 1:1 BALUN - HF BANDS Reisert choking balun (1.5MHz - 30MHz). FT140-43 Ferrite Toroid Core.

CHOKING 1:1 BALUN - LOW VHF BAND Choking balun. (10MHz - 60MHz). FT140-43 Ferrite Toroid Core.

BALUN 1:1 CURRENT 1:1 Guanella Current balun using a L15 ferrite core (1.8 - 30MHz).

BALUN 1:4 CURRENT 1:4 Guanella Current balun using a L15 ferrite core (1.8 - 30MHz).

BALUN 1:4 SINGLE CORE CURRENT 1:4 Guanella Current Balun, single FT240-43 ferrite toroid cores. (0.3MHz - 30MHz). 

BALUN 1:1 VOLTAGE 1:1 Ruthroff voltage balun using a T-200-2 powdered iron toroid core  (1.8 - 30MHz).

BALUN 4:1 VOLTAGE 4:1 Ruthroff voltage balun using a T-200-2 powdered iron toroid core  (1.8 - 30MHz).

BALUN 6:1 VOLTAGE - VERSION 1 6:1 Voltage balun using a L15 ferrite toroid core  (1.8 - 30MHz).

BALUN 6:1 VOLTAGE - VERSION 2 6:1 Voltage balun using a FT140-43 Ferrite Toroid Core  (1.8 - 30MHz)

BALUN 9:1 VOLTAGE - VERSION 1 9:1 Voltage balun using a L15 ferrite toroid core  (1.8 - 30MHz).

BALUN 9:1 VOLTAGE - VERSION 2 9:1 Voltage balun using a FT140-43 Ferrite Toroid Core  (0.5 - 60MHz).

UNUN 9:1 VOLTAGE 9:1  voltage unun using a T-200-2 powdered iron toroid core  (1.8 - 30MHz). 

UNUN 9:1 VOLTAGE VERSION 2 9:1  voltage unun using a L15 ferrite core (1.8 - 30MHz). 

UNUN 9:1 VOLTAGE VERSION 3 9:1  voltage unun using a FT140-43 ferrite core (0.5 - 60MHz).

 

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Page last revised 27 March 2022  
 

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