HOME  |  ARTICLESBAND CONDITIONS  |  EQUIPMENT  |  LINK  | MAIL   |  OPERATIONAL  |  PROJECTS

HF TACTICAL BROADBAND ANTENNA

Fast deployable HF Tactical Broadband Antenna (2 - 30MHz). Under development


At a ham 2012 fest in Perth in  I purchased a compact easily deployable portable HF antenna less the crucially important balun. While I have not been able to locate any information about the particular antenna purchased there are a number of similar products presented on the internet as HF Tactical Broadband Antenna and the like

Photo 1 Fast deployable HF Tactical Broadband Antenna kit. Included is camouflage aerial wire, wire holder, end insulator, earth clip, in-span sealed match resistor and earth stake.

Photo 1 Fast deployable HF Tactical Broadband Antenna kit. Included is camouflage aerial wire, wire holder, end insulator, earth clip, in-span sealed match resistor and earth stake.

Typical description of these types of antennas is as follows:

Tactical, Broad-band Antenna is a portable, HF broad-band antenna designed specifically for mobile and portable HF communication where rapid deployment and simplicity of operation is essential. It can also be installed as a semi-permanent base station antenna.

The antenna will operate at all frequencies in the 2-30 MHz band without any adjustment or tuning required. It is ideal for use in conjunction with modern, digitally configured, HF communication transceivers where features such as ALE and frequency hopping require true broadband capability.
No masts or guying are required. The antenna will work successfully supported by trees, the tops of vehicles or trucks or any convenient object or structure. The antenna works most effectively when supported at a reasonable height, but it will also radiate (with lower efficiency) when stretched out on the ground. (If no support is available) The radiation pattern of the antenna has a significant vertical component at all frequencies, making it ideal for NVIS applications. Deployment time is, typically, 15-20 seconds from unpack to ‘ready to go’

Specification
Operating Frequency: 2-30 MHz
Input Power: 150 watts SSB PEP
Input Impedance: 50 Ohms
VSWR: Typically better than 2:1 across the band
Input Connector: Supplied with 5 metres of coax fitted with
N, UHF or BNC plug.
(Specify option required when ordering)
Packed Weight: 2.9 lb (1.3 kg)
Packed Size: 10” x 5”x 3” (254mm x 127mm x 76mm)

Figure 1  Typical example of the antenna deployment.

The antenna consists of fibre wire, possible Kevlar with conducting strands which makes the antenna very light an ideal for the purpose. The physical construction is as shown in Figure 2. The feed point which is a relativity high impedance feed point that I have experimentally established as being workable with a 1:9unun however interestingly not all my 9:1unun produced the same results. Within the radiated element at 15.4m from the feed point is a load resistor of 1k ohms. 

Figure 1  Typical antenna deployment including dimensions. All lengths are shown in metres.

Figure 2  Typical antenna deployment including dimensions. All lengths are shown in metres.    

Figure 3 below shows measurements taken with the AIM 4170C antenna analyser of the HF Tactical Broadband Antenna using the 1:9 voltage unun for matching. The results do not produce the ideal VSWR of better than 2:1 across the band as indicated in the specifications and this likely due to not having the unique balun that was part of the original kit, however most of the amateur bands are below 2:1 and all with the exception of the 17m band are below 2.5:1.

Figure 3 AIM 4170C antenna analyser of the HF Tactical Broadband Antenna using 1:9 voltage unun for matching. Antenna configuration included an earth stake as shown in Figure1 and Figure 2.

AIM 4170C antenna analyser explanation;

SWR

Standing Wave Ratio.

Zmag

Total Impedance.

Theta

Phase angle between voltage and current.

 

Figure 4 MMANA antenna model showing a complex radiation pattern for 28.5MHz

Conclusion

Portable set-up appears to be a bit fickled and requires some configuration adjustments. The best matching results that very closely approximate the antenna specifications is with no earth stake and this includes all amateur bands from 160 through to 10m. The antenna appears noisier than the station antenna, however given the low test height of the Tactical antenna this would be reasonable to expect.

Test set-up #1:

  • Antenna is 2.5m above the ground at the high end and 0.5m at the low end.
  • The antenna is above the ground with no earth stake.
  • Balun used for is this configuration is a 1:9 Unun using a L15 ferrite core (1.8 - 30MHz).  1:9 voltage unun.

On air test indicated that the Tactical antenna in the Test#1 set up is very inefficient on 80m when compared to the station dipole. Local signals that would be expected to produce the best performance were up to 15dB worst than the station dipole. The band was noisy on the day with large static crashes, however a station approximately 100km was Q5 on the station dipole and only able to barely exchange call signs on the Tactical antenna.

Band Test#1 SWR Test#2 SWR 
160m 1.9   
80m 1.65   
40m 1.45      
30m 1.35       
20m 1.4      
17m 2.1     
21m 1.4    
12m 1.4      
10m 1.45    

 

 

 

 

TOP OF PAGE

Page last revised 10 October 2015
 

ACTIVITIES | ARTICLES | EQUIPMENT | HOMELINK | MAIL | PROJECTS

Web design by Peter Miles

All content may be used for unlimited distribution with credits.

This site has been designed to cater for 800 x 600 resolution.
Site is best viewed with Internet Explorer 5.5 or Netscape 6 or higher.