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DC DISTRIBUTION BOARD

12Volt DC Distribution Board using 30Amp Anderson connectors and including reverse polarity protection.


With most of my 12v equipment standardised with Anderson connectors it has become necessary to construct a 12Volt DC distribution board to create some order, segregate and protect groups of supplies to various equipment. With appropriate fuse protection and reverse polarity protection, the compact 12Volt DC distribution board uses 30Amp Anderson connectors mounted with snap in Anderson connector panel housings that have two circuits per housing, each group of two circuits is protected with a fuse of typically 15Amps, however the fuse protection could be a lot lower depending on requirements. 

The supply to the distribution board has an inline fuse of 25Amps and also includes reverse polarity protection in the form of SUP53P06 P Channel Mosfet that will if the supply is inadvertently connect in reverse polarity, will block damaging current flow to equipment. Each fused group also has a relatively bright LED indicator light to indicate a healthy supply to that group.  

Photo 1 DC Distribution Board

  

The supply to the distribution board has an inline fuse of 25Amps and also includes reverse polarity protection in the form of SUP53P06 P Channel Mosfet that will in the advent of the supply being inadvertently connect in reverse polarity, this will block damaging current flow in this event. Each fused group also has a relatively bright LED indicator light to indicate a healthy supply to that group.  

The SUP53P06 P Channel Mosfet has a very low forward resistance at approximately 0.02 ohms resulting in approximately a 4.5Watts loss and a volt drop across the device of 0.3V

The SUP53P06 P Channel Mosfet has a very low forward resistance at approximately 0.02 ohms resulting in approximately a 4.5Watts loss or a volt drop across the device of 0.3V at 15Amps. The Mosfet is also attached to a heatsink as the potential power dissipation could exceed the device rating of 3.1Watts.

Mosfet details: P Channel  Continuous Drain Current Id: 53A  Drain Source Voltage Vds: -60V  On Resistance Rds(on): 0.0195ohm  Rds(on) Test Voltage Vgs: -10V  Threshold Voltage Vgs: -1V  Power Dissipation Pd: 3.1W

Fig 1 Schematic of DC distribution board 

 

 

 

 

  Fig 2 Voltage drop across the SUP53P06 P Channel Mosfet based load current.

 

 

Fig 3 Power dissipation by the SUP53P06 P Channel Mosfet based load current.

 

 

Construction

DC distribution board is housed in a 170 x 120 x 55mm polycarbonate enclosure with Anderson connectors mounted with snap in Anderson connector panel housings mounted in the rear and with fuse and indicator LED mounted at the front.

DESCRIPTION

QTY

CONNECTOR - ANDERSON POWER POLE 30A CONNECTOR ASSY

6

CONNECTOR - ANDERSON POWER POLE 30A CONNECTOR PANEL HOUSING

3

SUP53P06-20 MOSFET P-Ch 60V/53A

1

DIODE, ZENER 10V, 1N4740, 1WATT 1

LED MOUNTING CLIPS, 5mm, BLACK

3

RESISTOR, 1.0k, 0.25W 3
RESISTOR, 10k, 0.25W 1
WIRE, COPPER, PVC, 2 CORE, 2.90mm2, 25A, RED & BLACK 2

ENCLOSURE, SEALED POLYCARBONATE, 170 x 120 x 55mm

1

FUSE AUTO, 3AG, 15.0AMP, GLASS

3

FUSE AUTO, 3AG, 25.0AMP, GLASS

1

FUSE HOLDER, BULKHEAD  MOUNTED, 30A MAX 50V, TYPE 3AG

3

FUSE HOLDER, INLINE, AUTO, MAX 30AMP

1

 

  

Photo 2 Anderson connector panel housings cut out.

 

  

 

Photo 3 DC Distribution Board top cover off view.

  

 

Photo 4 DC Distribution Board front cover off view.

 

 

Photo 5 DC Distribution Board rear cover off view.

 

 

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Page last revised 10 August 2018  
 

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